Prediabetes (sometimes called ‘borderline diabetes’) is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not as high as in diabetes. It is caused by insulin resistance (your cells can’t use insulin to absorb glucose (= sugar) from your blood, which leads to a spike in your blood sugar levels), decreased production of insulin by your pancreas, or both.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, approximately 84.1 million Americans aged 18 and older have prediabetes, meaning 1 in 3 adult Americans has it.
If prediabetes isn’t dealt with in a timely manner, it can progress to type 2 diabetes, which is irreversible. Fortunately, prediabetes can be reversed if you make certain lifestyle adjustments.
Most of the time, prediabetes shows no symptoms. But when it does, they are similar to those of type 2 diabetes:
- increased thirst and hunger;
— increased urination;
— vision problems;
— unexplained weight loss.
Certain factors can put you at risk of developing prediabetes. But it is also useful to know if you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes! The video below names all the factors.
As for prediabetes, the risk factors include:
- age 45 and older;
— being overweight or obese, especially if you carry most of the extra pounds around your waist;
— poor diet;
— lack of physical activity;
— having a family history of diabetes;
— race – for some reason, African-Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders are more likely to develop the condition that Caucasian people;
— polycystic ovary syndrome;
— gestational diabetes (increased blood sugar during pregnancy), and giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4.1 kilograms);
— high blood pressure and high cholesterol;
— insufficient sleep or poor sleep quality, usually due to conditions such as sleep apnea.
If you know you’re at risk, it’s best for you to get tested for prediabetes. Your doctor will order a blood test to determine whether you have the condition.
As we have already mentioned above, you can take steps to reverse prediabetes and bring your blood sugar back to normal. Steps you need to take include the following:
- gradual, healthy weight loss – you should avoid crash diets;
— moderate or intense exercise, or a combination of both. It’s recommended to get at least 150 minutes of exercise every week;
— taking your medications as prescribed;
— quitting smoking.
This post is solely for informational purposes. It is not intended to provide medical advice. Fabiosa doesn’t take responsibility for any possible consequences from any treatment, procedure, exercise, dietary modification, action or application of medication which results from reading or following the information contained in this post. Before undertaking any course of treatment, the reader should consult with their physician or other health care provider.